What is Vaginoplasty Surgery and the Complications of Vaginoplasty

What is Vaginoplasty Surgery and the Complications of Vaginoplasty

Updated on: Nov 28th, 2023

What is Vaginoplasty?

Genitoplasty or genital reconstruction surgeries are the most elective surgical procedures nowadays by females of every age. In these vaginoplasty is the most preferred surgery by women. It is a surgical procedure to the genitals, to repair injuries, the effects of disease, complications and damage from cancer treatment, congenital and endocrine conditions, and plastic surgery.

The grafts used can be an allogenic, a heterograph, an autograft, a xenograft, or an autologous material.

In Vaginoplasty there is surgical construction or reconstruction of the vagina. It is a standard gynecological surgical procedure. It tightens the muscles of the vagina and its surrounding soft tissues, which is attained by reducing excess vaginal mucosa (vaginal lining).

The result of it is an immediate decrease in the size of vaginal muscles, the entrance of the vagina, or alters the vulva's appearance

It also includes Hymenoplasty, if asked for, which is the surgical procedure to restore the hymen, which in some cultures is considered as proof of virginity. The normal aim of the procedure is to cause bleeding during post-nuptial intercourse.

It is commonly used to treat women with the congenital absence of the vagina, vaginectomy after malignancy or trauma, adrenal hyperplasia, microphallus, etc disorders of sex development It is used as a treatment for removal of malignant growths or abscesses in order to restore a normal vaginal structure and function It can also correct the urinary bladder or rectal protrusion into the vagina and prolapse of uterus and vagina.

When to go for vaginoplasty?

It Helps:

To retighten loose muscle tone which gets weakened over time. Childbirth is a common factor, as is going through menopause.

To treat a prolapsed bladder.

Hereditary weak vaginal muscles or loose/big vagina.

To treat vaginal pain or incontinence

To enhance sexual satisfaction who face delayed orgasm due to weak vaginal muscle

Gender Confirmation or resurrection Surgery in the process of transitioning from male to female

After surgery, the doctor will examine you before you are cleared to resume activities like using tampons or having sexual intercourse. It takes at least 4-6 weeks after surgery to resume normal sexual activity.

What are the Complications of Vaginoplasty?

It may sometimes cause:
Necrosis of the clitoral region
Shrinkage of vagina
Stricture, or narrowing of the vaginal orifice
Pain in genitals
Recto-vaginal fistula
Loss of bladder control and urinary incontinence
Urinary tract infections
Sometimes even the ability to empty the bladder is affected
After the surgery, women have been able to give birth but are at risk of uterine prolapse



P.s. It is not the only way to achieve tightness, kegel exercises and pelvic floor exercises ought to be tried before surgery.