STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Disease and it denotes those diseases that are transmitted
from one person to another by sexual contact. Also, known asVenereal Disease (VD) or Sexually
Transmitted Infection (STI).
Commonly used synonymously, STI is the presence of infective organism in the body while
STD is the development of the disease. As not all infections result into symptomatic
diseases, "STI" is the broader term used by the medical fraternity. However, they imply the
As they can stay silent for a long time, they can develop to fiercely high levels before
producing any symptom leading to widespread damage and even death. The infection may spread
from the genitals to the other organ systems of the body resulting in organ damage, infertility,
pregnancy complication, cancer etc. Timely and regular screening and testing for these diseases
is highly essential to curb the infection at its initial stage.
The window period i.e. the time taken by the respective antibodies to reach detectable level in the blood
stream varies from one disease to another. On an average, most of the infections can be diagnosed after
about 3-4 weeks of exposure.
As mentioned earlier, the disease-causing organism can stay silent in the body
for a long time. Hence, an initial negative test does not confirm "STD-free" status.
Repeat tests at 3 months and 6 months are done to validate the final status.
A visit to the doctor is mandatory for prescription of relevant drugs and other necessary preventive and remedial actions. Do not panic as proper care and treatment can help tackle the infection in time. DO NOT SELF-MEDICATE.
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