Sexually Transmitted Infection(STI)

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Q: What is a STI?

STI are the sexually transmitted infections, which transfers from one person to another through intimate contact or while having unprotected sex.

Q: How does it spread?

  1. It can spread during vaginal, oral or by anal intercourse.
  2. It can even be transferred by skin to skin genital contact

Q: What are types of Infections?

Sexually Transmitted Infection can be from any infection:
  1. Viral : HIV, Hepatitis B, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
  2. Bacterial : Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia
  3. Parasitic : Public Lice, Scabies, Trichormoniasis
  4. Fungal : Yeast Infection(Like Candida)
Sexually Transmitted Disease | Drsafehands

Q: What are the symptoms of STI?

  1. Ulcer/Sore/Blisters on private parts or around anus or mouth.
  2. Irregular growth (warts) in genital area.
  3. Abnormal smelling and discolored vaginal discharge.
  4. Discharge from penis.
  5. Rash/Itching on private areas of body.
  6. Pain while sexual intercourse.
  7. Vaginal bleeding or spotting after sexual intercourse.
  8. Lower abdominal pain.
  9. Pain or swelling of glands in genital area.

Q: Who are at risk??

  1. Risk of STI depends on the sexual history of you and your partner.
  2. People who are sexually active.

Q: What are the Complications of STI?

  1. Untreated STI can cause cancer
  2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  3. Organ Damage
  4. Infertility
  5. Complications in pregnancy
  6. Transmission of infection to fetus
  7. It can even cause death
  8. Discomfort in genital areas

Q: How can it be tested?

You need to talk to your doctor in case of any symptoms. STI screening involves:-
  1. Physical/Pelvic examination - to rule out any rash, wart, discharge.
  2. Blood Investigation.
  3. Urine test.
  4. Fluids or tissue sample - viewed under microscope.

Q: How can I prevent STI?

  1. Avoid sexual intercourse, as it is the only sure way to prevent STI's.
  2. Get HIV tested
  3. Use condom (Male condom/Female condom)
  4. Be faithful to your partner, talk to your partner & practice safe sex
  5. Avoid sharing towels or underclothing
  6. wash before /after sexual intercourse
  7. Vaccinate yourself and your partner for Hepatitis B.
  8. Pelvic examination should be done annually
  9. Avoid alcohol or drugs.