What are the commonly measured values of sugar?

The most commonly measured values are the fasting level, which is the value after overnight fasting (meaning before breakfast), and the post-prandial level, which is generally measured 1.30 to 2.00 hours after a meal. It is also measured before lunch or before dinner.

What is sugar level significance?

A normal blood sugar level is required for optimal function of the body’s organs. Otherwise the organs get damaged.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the control mechanisms of blood sugar are disrupted.

What is its importance?

Long standing diabetes can lead to damage to various organs of the body, and causes a lot of morbidity.

What are the blood sugar values in an adult?

While it is not possible to fix a definitive value, and these vary with age and nutritional status and other factors, and are also revised from time to time, the generally accepted values can be considered as 70 to 100 mg% fasting and up to 140 mg% in the post-prandial state, for a normal adult. For a patient of diabetes, the aim should be to keep it as near normal as possible. No abnormal value can be described as “acceptable”, but anything up to about 125 or 130 fasting, and up to 160 or 170 post-prandial, can be regarded as “controlled”. These are arbitrary figures, and different authorities may recommend different values, and hence these cannot be regarded as absolute or final.

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Dr Arun K Mehra

DrArun K Mehra is a Senior Consultant in Anesthesiology and Critical Care, working in Delhi. An MBBS from UCMS, Delhi University, he specialized in Anesthesiology from JNMC, AMU, Aligarh. He has also done an MBA in Healthcare Administration from the Faculty of Management Studies, Delhi University, a UNESCO Certificate on Principles of Bio Ethics and Human Rights, and a Diploma in Creative Writing in English from the Indira Gandhi National Open University.

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