In simple language, hepatitis refers to a viral infection of the liver. There are 5 types of viruses affecting the liver namely hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis C is the most common and dangerous of all causing mild acute illness to a chronic life-threatening one.
– infected blood by sharing needles, syringes, razors, etc
– having unprotected sex with the infected individual
– having sex with multiple partners
– transfusion of infected blood
– mother to child via pregnancy
Alcohol, smoking, drug abuse, other illnesses that weaken the immune system increase the risk of contracting the disease
Often produces no symptoms, however following may be present-
– pale or yellowish eyes
– dark yellow urine
– pale or gray stools
– nausea or vomiting
– pale skin
– low appetite
– joint pains
– pain in the abdomen
If untreated, the infection may become chronic causing liver damage, cirrhosis of the liver or even liver cancer.
– avoid sharing needles or razors
– sex with a single partner
– ensure the usage of sterilized needles or equipment during any medical procedure.
– use a condom for every sexual act
– no smoking, alcohol or drugs
By blood examination
Anti-viral medications can treat the disease