GENITAL HERPES

Genital herpes is a viral Sexually Transmitted Disease caused by Herpes Simplex Virus- Type 1 and 2.

Mainly producing sores or blisters on the infected area, this disease is common among sexually active people.

Predominance:

-Equally prevalent in both men and women

-More common among age groups of 14-50 yrs.

-It usually affects sexually active people.

Spreads through:

-Direct contact with the infected fluids (saliva, semen, vaginal discharges)

-Oral/anal/unprotected sex with an infected individual

-Mother to a baby through pregnancy or nursing

-Skin contact with the infected person.

Symptoms:

-A virus can stay latent for years after infection without producing any symptoms.

-The dormant virus can become active easily producing symptomatic outbreaks.

    In men and women:

– Painful blisters or sores on the affected area usually the penis or vagina

– Pain during urination

– Itching, redness or tingling on genitals

– Flu-like symptoms such as fatigue, fever, backache

– Swollen lymph nodes

    In babies:

– Ulcers on the face, genitals or the entire body

– Complications may lead to blindness, damage to the brain or even death

Prevention:

– No sex is the best way to avoid the passing of the infection.

– Using condoms does not offer 100% protection as the virus may pass on from the nerve endings on the skin.

– Avoid kissing if sores present in the mouth

– In case of sharing sex toys, wash them properly and cover them with a condom before use.

Diagnosis:

By a blood test

Treatment:

No permanent cure but medications can control the troubling symptoms.

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