What are the signs & symptoms?
- Redness, swelling, and soreness around the head of the penis or foreskin.
- A discharge under the foreskin
- Rash on the penis, itching.
- Unpleasant odor
- Pain urinating.
When to seek medical advice?
Balanitis is not a serious infection, but it can be a sign of another condition such as sexually transmitted infections or thrush.
What are the causes of balanitis?
- The commonest cause is the skin irritation by the accumulation of a cheesy-looking substance called smegma.
- Irritation of the skin by urine, soaps, or gels.
What are the types of balanitis?
- Zoon’s balanitis: Usually seen in middle-aged, uncircumcised men, with inflammation involving glans penis and the foreskin.
- Circinate balanitis: It is characterized by small, shallow, painless ulcerative lesions on the glans penis and It is associated with reactive arthritis.
- Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis: A condition characterized by scaly, wart-like skin lesions on the head of the penis
What are the complications of balanitis?
- Ulcers on the glans or foreskin.
- Meatal/urethral stricture, and malignant