What is Mental Health?
Mental health refers to cognitive, behavioral, and emotional well-being. It is a state of well-being in which an individual thinks, feels, and behave. Mental health is important because it's a vital part of your life and impacts your thoughts, behaviors and emotions. Being healthy emotionally and mentally can promote productivity and effectiveness in an individual. It plays an important part in the health of your relationships, and allows you to adapt to changes in your life and cope with adversity. The burden of mental disorders continues to grow with significant impacts on health and major social, human rights and economic consequences in the world. Mental health illness is a global public health problem with approx. 200 million people affected every year in India itself.
Types of Mental Health Problems
Types of mental health problems & issues: There are many different mental health disorders, with different presentations. Mental health disorders are generally characterized by a combination of abnormal thoughts, perceptions, emotions, behaviour and relationships with others. Depression is the most common mental health disorder and one of the main causes of disability worldwide. Other common mental health problems are- bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other psychoses, dementia, and developmental disorders including autism.
What are the Symptoms & Signs of a Mental Health Problem?
Signs of a mental health problem: Some early signs for mental health illness are- confused thinking, persistent feeling of sadness or irritability, loss of interest, extreme mood changes of highs and lows, social withdrawal, excessive fears or worries, dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits, strange thoughts and strong feelings of anger.
There are multiple types of causes for Mental Health but mainly these causes have commonly.
What Causes Mental Health Issues?
- Imbalance in the brain's signalling chemicals
- Early childhood trauma
- Substance abuse
- Distressing life situations such as job loss, the death of a loved one, financial troubles or a divorce
- Underlying medical conditions like underactive thyroid gland, cancer, heart disease or prolonged pain
- Combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors
Mental Health Support
Mental health support: Your treatment depends on the type of mental health illness you have, its severity and what works best for you. In many cases, a combination of treatments works best.
- Medication: Although psychiatric medications don't cure mental health illness, they can often significantly improve symptoms. It can also help make other treatments, such as psychotherapy, more effective. Some of the most commonly used medications for mental health treatment are- antidepressants, anti-anxiety, mood-stabilizers and antipsychotic medications.
- Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is the therapeutic treatment of mental health illness provided by a trained mental health professional. Psychotherapy explores thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and seeks to improve an individual’s well-being. Psychotherapy paired with medication is the most effective way to promote mental health recovery. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is one example of psychotherapy.
Other treatment options for mental health illness are- hospitalization, peer support group, art therapy, brain stimulation therapy and psychosocial treatment.
If You are Living with Mental Health Issues
Living with mental health issues: Mental health issues can make you miserable and can cause problems in your daily life, such as at school or work or in relationships. If you are having stress, anxiety or overwhelming feelings that upsets you, you should seek help from your family member/ friend/ mental health professional. Long term mental health issues without treatment can be fatal. Read more...