- Low production of healthy cells by the body
- Destruction of healthy cells by the body
- Excessive blood loss
- Hereditary Anaemia such as Thalassemia, sickle cell anaemia
- Anaemia due to deficiency of iron, vitamin B12, folates etc.
- Excessive blood loss during menstruation, operative surgeries, delivery etc.
- Increased demands during pregnancy, lactation.
- Bone marrow diseases: As bone marrow is the main seat for production of RBCs, any disease of the marrow may hamper the red cell production.
- Chronic or gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis, Crohn’s disease, cancer, HIV etc.
- Autoimmune disorders
- Use of certain drugs
- Pale skin
- Pale eyes
- Shortness of breath
- Hair loss
- Brittle nails
- A balanced diet rich in iron, folic acid, vitamins, and minerals helps in preventing anaemia.
- Females of child-bearing age should take additional care to meet the excess physiological demands so as to deliver a healthy baby.
- Avoid alcohol, recreational drugs etc.
A simple blood test can detect the level of haemoglobin in the body and helps in determining the type and severity of the disease. Very rarely, a bone marrow test may also be conducted.
Supplements of iron, folic acid, Vitamin B12 etc. are usually, sufficient to treat mild to moderate anaemia. In severe cases, blood transfusions or treatment of the underlying disease may be required.Book your wellness Package