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Q: What is a Gonorrhea?

It is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which is spread by contact with infected bodily fluids through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Pregnant women can also pass on the infection to her unborn foetus or to her newborn during childbirth. The infection is easily spread and occurs most often in people who have many sex partners.
Gonorrhea | Drsafehands

Q: What are the symptoms of Gonorrhea?

Sexually active men and women can get gonorrhea.
Most of the times people infected with gonorrhea don't show symptoms, so to know when to seek medical advice and treatment can be difficult
When symptoms occur, they are often within 2 to 10 days after exposure, but may take 30 days too to develop.

  1. Greenish yellow or whitish discharge from the vagina (in females) & penis (in males)
  2. Swelling of the vulva (vulvitis) in females & painful and swollen testicles in males
  3. Burning while passing urine
  4. Conjunctivitis (redness, itchiness in eyes)
  5. Lower abdominal or pelvic pain in females
  6. Bleeding between periods in females
  7. Spotting after intercourse in females
  8. Burning in the throat (due to oral sex)
  9. Swollen glands in the throat (due to oral sex)

If left untreated may cause infertility, endocarditis or meningitis
In males, the symptoms may appear 2 to 14 days after exposure to infection.
In some females, symptoms are of such a mild degree that they might go unnoticed. Many women affected with gonorrheal discharge think they have a fungal or yeast infection and many a time try to self treat them

Diagnosis :

NAAT (Nucleic acid amplification test) OR gonorrhea culture and gram staining are the choices of test
The trained technician or healthcare professional will use a swab to take a sample of fluid from the urethra in men or from the cervix in women or from the part affected of person. The specimen will then be sent to a lab to be analyzed.
Throat or anal culture may also be asked for, to see if the infection is in your throat or anus
There are other tests too which check the presence of the bacteria in urine sample.
You may need to wait for few days for the results of your tests to come back from the lab.

Q What are the treatment of Gonorrhea?

  1. To cure a gonorrheal infection, your doctor will give you an oral or injectable antibiotic.
  2. Don't make physical relation until you have completed your course of medicine.
  3. Always use condoms correctly when having sex.
  4. Avoid and limit the number of sexual partner.
  5. If found infected then practice complete sexual abstinence and see a nearest doctor

Prognosis :

The underlying gonorrheal infection should be treated appropriately; if this is followed then usually there is a good prognosis. All persons testing positive for gonorrhea should be tested for other sexually transmitted diseases too. Person who have had a gonorrhea infection have an increased risk of getting prostate cancer (in males) and infertility (in females).
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