All You Need To Know About Irregular Periods

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A female body undergoes so many hormonal changes, throughout life starting from puberty, marriage, pregnancy, and menopause.
Irregular periods are caused by hormonal imbalance (estrogen and progesterone).

This can be of different types:

  • If bleeding persist for more than 20 days in monthly cycle and continues for about a year. This is known as Irregular Menstrual Bleeding.
  • If there is no bleeding for 90 days and more. This is termed as Amenorrhea or Absent Menstrual Bleeding.
  • If the flow of bleeding is so severe that it hampers the daily activities, it is known as Heavy Menstrual Bleeding. It can be seen with others symptoms like pain in legs, cramps, vomiting.
  • If bleeding is less than 2 days. It is termed as Light Menstrual Bleeding

Q: What are the causes of Irregular Periods??

  1. PCOS(poly cystic ovarian Syndrome)
  2. Thyroid disorders(hyperthyroidism / hypothyroidism)
  3. Extreme weight loss/ weight gain
  4. Excessive exercise
  5. Stress
  6. Contraceptive pills(stopping any pill)
  7. IUD(Intra Uterine Device)
  8. Unexpected pregnancy
  9. Early Miscarriage
  10. Polyps/ thickening of uterine walls.
  11. Pregnancy and breast feeding.
  12. Poor diet
  13. Excessive use of smoking, alcohol, drugs.

Q: What are the treatment of Irregular Periods?

Treatment for irregular periods is done by eliminating the underlying cause.
It includes:
  1. First and foremost is get your hormone levels tested
  2. Seek treatment of PCOS by meeting a gynecologist.
  3. Lifestyle modifications like-
    • changing eating habits,
    • avoiding junk food,
    • anti oxidant rich food,
    • iron and folic acid rich food,
    • reduce alcohol and caffeine,
    • maintaining proper weight,
    • Mild stretching/ exercise/ 30 minutes walk.
    • Meditate, practice yoga to relieve stress.
  4. Changing Birth control options.(like using condoms)
  5. Hormone supplements( should taken under correct supervision)
  6. Surgery like hysterectomy in rare cases