Herpes Simplex virus occurs naturally in humans and spreads through skin to skin contact. It leads to symptoms like watery blisters on the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, nose, or genitals.
HSV are of two types
a) HSV Type 1: Transmitted by direct contact or infected secretions, causes lesions around mouth & face.
b) HSV Type 2: Transmitted by sexual contact protected or unprotected, causes lesions around genitals.
HSV Type 1 or Oral Herpes:
Most of the people get infected with herpes sores around the mouth get them through non-sexual contact, like
Nowadays, HSV 1 is also seen on the genital which is transmitted by oral sex.
HSV Type 2 or Genital Herpes:
This is transmitted by sexual contact. Since transmission can also happen through close skin to skin contact, protected sex may not offer complete protection against Herpes 2.
The common modes of transmission are
General symptoms include:
Symptoms of Genital Herpes:
Yes. Oral sex and deep kissing or french kissing with someone who is infected can lead to HSV.
The simple answer is â€śNoâ€ť. Except in people who may be immune-deficient due to some chronic disease or cancers or other reasons.
It is often said that Herpes is more of anguish than a disease. Treatment with antiviral both oral medications and ointments like acyclovir, famciclovoir, valacycloviretc effectively control the symptoms.
In a majority of people Herpes lesions do not recur. The recurrence may be associated with repeated infections or low immunity.
According to the World Health Organization, approximately 67% of people under the age of 50 worldwide have HSV-1.
In the US, one out of 4 to 5 adults has HSV 2 with approx. 5 lacs new infections every year. That is about 11.9 % of the US population between 14 to 49 years.
During Pregnancy: Herpes infection during pregnancy has a risk of miscarriage, premature labor, retarded growth or transmission of the herpes infection to the infants, herpes in newborn babies can be a very serious condition. This is rarely seen nowadays because of effective treatment available.
Ophthalmic complications: Kertoconjunctivits or chorioretinitis is associated with intrauterine and neonatal infection.
Visceral HSV: may cause dysphoria, substernal pain, tracheobronchitis, and pneumonitis.
Nervous system: HSV meningitis & HSV encephalitis is the most common sporadic acute viral encephalitis,
For Genital Herpes
Is genital herpes and oral herpes related?
Some cases of genital herpes are caused by HSV-1, as can be spread from the mouth to the genitals through oral sex.
Can I get herpes by using a toilet / swimming pool?
Herpes does not spread by using toilet seats, bedding, or swimming pools.
Which is a common type of herpes?
Genital herpes is commonly seen in sexually active individuals.
Can I avoid Genital herpes?
Genital herpes can be prevented by avoiding vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who is infected.
Can get infected if you come in:
Can I transmit herpes to my baby during labor?
How do I know I have genital herpes?
Can herpes be cured?
The anti-viral medicines can make it less likely to pass on the infection sex partner(s). There is no cure for herpes.
What happens if I am untreated?
Can I have sex if I am infected with herpes?
Can I get an HIV infection if I have herpes?
Can I get herpes from a partner without visible sores?
It is possible to get contracted with Herpes if you receive oral sex from a partner who has oral herpes.
About Author: LinkedIn
Dr.Anandkumar, has done his Masters of Public health from the KLE university, Belgaum, worked as district program specialist in a NGO and also served as district epidemiologist, in Govt. health dept. has experience in implementation of health programs and training, he has interest in public health research and development.