Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a bacterial infection affecting the vagina of a female. Anything that upsets the balance between the good and bad bacteria present in the vagina can lead to the infection. It is not a sexually transmitted diseases (STD) but can certainly, predispose one to it. However, it is mainly found in sexually active females.
Sexually active females aged 18-45 yrs are more prone to BV
Rarely found in non-sexually active females
The acidic pH of the vagina which is essential to maintain the healthy bacteria can be disrupted by:
having sex with multiple partners
unprotected sex with a new partner
excessive cleaning of the vagina
cleaning the undergarment with a very strong or harsh detergent.
applying perfumes, deodorants or scented soaps on the vagina
using intra-uterine contraceptive devices
abnormal, grayish or yellowish offensive vaginal discharge
itching in or around the vagina
pain or burning on urination
fishy- smelling vaginal discharge, especially after sex
If untreated, it can complicate pregnancy, cause pelvic infections, HIV or other STDs.
Stay in a monogamous (single partner) relationship
Avoid using scented products
Using a condom during sex
Avoid too much washing of the area.
Physical examination as well as swab test of the vaginal discharge can determine BV
It can resolve on its own or by a short course of antibiotics.
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